How-to

How to Install Ubuntu 18.04 Server

On April 2018, the Cannonical team has been released the new version of Ubuntu 18.04. At this time, the fourth version of Ubuntu 18.04 has been released with some major changes and bug fixes. For more information, check the Release Notes.

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Ubuntu Server 18.04.3 that will allow you to run applications and other services on top of it.

Installation Requirements

  • Ubuntu 18.04.3 ISO that can be downloaded from this link
  • Media installation – DVD or USB
  • 20 GB free disk space

1. Create Media Installation

To create the media installation for Ubuntu Server, you can use different applications.

If you want to create the DVD media installation, you can use an open-source tool such as “brasero”.

For the USB media installation, you can use other applications such as Balena Etcher that support different operating system including Windows, macOS, and Linux.

2. Boot with Media Installation

Once the media installation is created, it’s time to insert your media installation and boot into it.

And after a few seconds, you will be get the messages of boot process as below.

ubuntu boot process

3. Choose your Language

After that, you will be get the language menu.

Choose Language

For the default “English” language, you can just press the “Enter” button. For other languages, press Up, Down, and Enter button.

4. Keyboard Configuration

Choose your keyboard layout and select “Done”, then press the Enter button to confirm.

Setup keyboard Layout

5. Network Configuration

By default, the Ubuntu installer will automatically detect an ethernet attached to the server.

Setup Network Connection

Just select “Done” and press the enter button, because you can configure the network manually after the installation.

6. Select Proxy

For the proxy setting, leave it blank and select “Done”.

Setup Proxy

7. Configure Archive Mirror

The installer will automatically choose the archive mirror based on your country id, leave it as default and select “Done”.

Configure Archive Mirror

8. Hardisk Setup

For the disk setup, you can choose the “Use an entire disk” menu and leave all disk partition to be done automatically by the installer, and this is what we will be doing. And for manual disk partition, select the “Manual” menu.

Now choose the option “Use An Entire Disk”.

Setup Disk for Ubuntu Installation

Choose your disk for the installation.

Choose Disk for Installation

And you will be get the summary of your disk partition, choose “Done”.

Configure Partition for Installation

Now choose “Continue” to format the disk.

Format the disk for Installation

9. Setup User and Hostname

Now type your username, the system hostname, make sure to use the strong password, then choose “Done”.

Setup User and Hostname

10. SSH Configuration

For the SSH configuration, you can leave it as default.

Since you can configure it manually after the Ubuntu installation.

Setup OpenSSH Server

11. Snap Packages Installation

Snap is a bundle of an application within dependencies that just works across Linux distribution without any modification.

You can install Snap applications through the Snap store. And the canonical team provides a list of popular snap applications that enables you to automatically deploying the application as you need during the system installation.

Select the application as you want to install or leave it all uncheck for none.

Choose Snap Packages on Ubuntu

12. System Installation

Now the Ubuntu Server 18.04 installation will begin.

Ubuntu installation has been completed

Now select “Reboot” when all installation is complete, and then remove the media installer during the system reboot.

13. Update Repository and Upgrade Packages

Now log in to the Ubuntu Server 18.04 using your username and password.

Update and Upgrade Packages

Then update the repository and upgrade all packages to the latest version.

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y

As a result, you’ve upgraded all packages on the Ubuntu system to latest version.

And finally, you’ve installed the Ubuntu 18.04 Server.

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